The best tuba

Tuba – Opinions, Analysis and Buying Guide in 2021


Tubas are not as well known as other instruments such as the guitar and the trumpet, however more and more interest continues to appear towards them, making models such as the Roy Benson TB-312C tuba , which brings accessories such as thumb rest and a backpack type for greater wearing comfort, or the playLITE PLEUPHBW tuba an ABS plastic tuba with an elegant black design that stands out with its contrasting colors. Any of them could be yours, you just have to think about which one would serve you the most.



Shopping guide



Despite its distinctive structure, so different from trumpets but so similar to them at the same time, the tuba is not a well-known instrument and, for that reason, it is not very common to find people comparing tubas to find the best one. Because of this, when someone is really interested in this instrument, it is very possible to make mistakes when purchasing.

Tubas look almost always the same, however, not all of them are identical and there are different types of tuba that, depending on the sound you want to obtain from them or what type of musical group you are in, will adapt to your needs, or not. . If you don’t pay attention, you can end up with a tuba that has a tuning that doesn’t suit you.

The most common tubas are those tuned in Bb and French tubas, tuned in C. However, there are different others such as F, Eb, low Fa tubas, and convertible tubas.

Bb tubas are commonly used in the outskirts of Europe in tuba schools to initiate musicians, meanwhile, the use of the C tuba is favored in the old continent. The latter is used in both professional and student settings, therefore, it is possible to make presentations with it.

Despite not being the most famous when it comes to teaching the instrument, the F-tuned tuba is the most used in orchestras. It is also usually preferred by soloists, due to its ease in reaching high tones. For its part, the low tuba in F is used to make harmonies.

For that reason, before purchasing one, you need to be clear about what you want to do with the tuba and choose a model that has a tuning according to your requirements.



Before crowning an instrument in your guide to buying the best tuba, you should also consider the design of the model that catches your eye. Like the varieties in tuning, there are also some structural differences between tubas that, if not taken into account, will affect the quality of your music or simply make the instrument not the right one for your purposes.

Before noticing how much the instrument costs or what color the tuba is, your gaze should be directed to the pistons and valves. A slight change in the number of these parts and the sounds will be limited or the tunes will change. The most common tubas are those that work with 4 valves, however, you can find models that only have 2 or 3 valves in their structure or, on the contrary, some tuba that reaches up to 6 valves.

The French tubas, as they are known, come with 6, while the 3 valves are ideal for children and beginners, due to their ease of playing. The 2 is only used in special models. A design highlighted by delegating its wide range of tone only to the strength and shape of the lip vibration of the tubist.

In addition to this difference in valves, tubas also vary in size and weight. This depends entirely on the manufacturer and does not usually affect sound production, although it must be taken into account that the longest tubas will be the ones that produce the lowest tones. This is evidenced by the approximate length of the tubas in Bb with 5.5 meters and the tubas in Fa, the most acute, which only reach 3.7 meters.


Materials and quality

After clearing all the technical concerns about buying your tuba, it is time to focus on other things such as the superficial appearance or if it is the instrument that you chose an economical product. A good and inexpensive option may be medium quality tubas, however, although they tend to adapt well to beginners who are already adults, these are not usually sold or resold as quickly in the market.

If it is a tuba for a child or for someone undecided, it is better to buy a low quality product to use it as an instrument that seeks to accustom the musician to the structure and its use. If you want to use the tuba professionally, you need to buy a high-quality product.

Regarding the design, despite the fact that the material is usually always brass, it can range from golden to copper tones without problem. Models change. Additionally, some tubas have copper, tin, or nickel in certain details.




Frequently asked questions


Q1: How to use a tuba?

The first thing to keep in mind is that, before any professional practice or presentation, it is advisable to perform breathing exercises, since maintaining control when breathing while playing the tuba is one of the most difficult skills and is necessary to play this instrument.

It is possible to place the tuba on your lap to play comfortably, since the weight range of these instruments goes from 6 to 8 kilos with ease. However, this is not mandatory and you can practice standing up if you wish.

When you blow, you will produce an un-artistic noise, but as you start to play the pistons, this sound will begin to take shape. The position of the lips, the amount of air you blow, the pressure you put on the pistons … all this will influence the sound. The answer to a perfect tuba concert is to just practice until you drop.


Q2: Why is the trumpet higher than the tuba?

The difference between the registers and note ranges of trumpets and tubas has to do with their structure.

Tubas are large instruments, with wide cavities, while trumpets are thin and smaller instruments. When blowing a trumpet loudly, it will take less time for the air to come out of the bell, it will condense more within the cavities, and for that reason, your result will be sharper.

No matter how hard you try, the size of the tuba’s internal cavities makes it impossible to reach the register of the trumpet. Therefore, these instruments must be used to produce the lowest tones.


Q3: Where is the tuba placed in the orchestra?

The positions of the instruments in the orchestra depend very much on the vision of the conductor and the intention of the composer. The first thing you notice in an orchestra is that there is usually only one tuba and that this usually finds a place in the back, exactly on the far right.

This happens frequently due to the harmony you perform with the trombones that are also on the far right. However, in symphonies like “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” the place of the tuba changes. In addition to that, some composers have dared to use two or more tubas, so the space can also vary.

As interest in the tuba is growing, this instrument is increasingly being part of more solos in various symphonies, therefore the position of the tuba may continue to change to suit the composition.


Q4: How to choose mouthpiece for tuba?

To know if the mouthpiece for tuba is correct it is necessary to do a test before. It all depends on the sounds you want to produce, as the small mouthpieces make the high tones easier, while the large mouthpieces specialize in the low registers.

In addition to this, the V-shaped mouthpieces are characterized by giving a clear sound with more projection, while those in the form of C have a dark sound.


Q5: What is the tuba made of?

The tuba is made, most of the time, of gold or silver brass. On certain occasions, various models may use materials such as nickel to make instrument accessories and some other details. Brass is made up of a mixture of other elements, such as copper and zinc.  


Q6: What family does the tuba belong to?

The tuba, like instruments such as trumpets and trombones, belongs to the great family of brass instruments. So named for the material used in its manufacture and also because the sound depends largely on the flow of air that the player lets out in order to play any of them.


Q7: Who created the tuba?

Made in the mid 1800s, the tuba had two creators who, wanting to replace the serpentine, came up with this instrument. Their names were Wilhelm Wieprecht and Johan Gottfried Moritz.

Seeing the end result of their creation, they decided that this instrument was too different from the serpentine to be its successor, and from there the tuba made a name for itself as a unique instrument.


Q8: What is the name of the person who plays the tuba?

The Royal Spanish Academy indicates that the person who plays the tuba, regardless of gender, should be called a tubista. However, when you walk into a room full of “tubistas” and call them that, you are likely to get some bad looks.

Despite being the correct word, almost 100% of professional tuba musicians refer to themselves as “tuberos”.



Opinions about Classic Cantabile VP-16

Main Advantage:

This piston trombone stands out for being tuned in B flat, making it an ideal brass-wind musical instrument for any type or musical style, such as blues. In addition, it has a 8-inch bell made of brass.


Main disadvantage:

If you are looking for a model for children that is light enough so that they can hold it comfortably, you need to look at another option, since this is a trombone model suitable for adults due to its large size and weight.


Verdict: 9.6 / 10

If you are interested in acquiring a versatile trombone that allows you to interpret various musical genres, we recommend this piston model.

Buy from Amazon – Price (€ 383.99)



Main Features Explained


Trombone type and note range

When choosing one of these extraordinary musical instruments, it is important to keep in mind that there are many different types of trombones available in today’s music market. These can vary according to their design, way of being used, if it is of rods or pistons and their range of notes, among many other aspects, so you can choose the model that best suits your needs, taking into account several characteristics such as the genre you want to interpret, your musical tastes and comfort.   

On the other hand, in addition to the type of trombone, it is recommended that you know the range of notes that it allows to achieve and the tuning with which the instrument comes. Depending on the type you choose, it can be tuned in alto, tenor, soprano or bass. The opinions of professional musicians suggest that the tenor type trombone is the most used due to the brilliant and wide range of notes it can achieve, in addition to being tuned in B flat. 

This model stands out for being one of the best tube tenor trombones today, which will allow you to interpret various types of musical genres such as Jazz, Blues and classical music, among many others, thanks to the fact that it is one of the most variable and with a very wide range of notes. 

Valve and nozzle

Although they obviously vary in price depending on the type and quality of the materials, the most common trombones that we can find on the market are the rod type, which can come with or without a transposer. However, piston models, such as this instrument, also incorporate valves or transposers. This piece is operated with the left thumb and has the function of changing the key of the trombone easily, which is factory-tuned in B-flat. Having a trombone that has a valve or transposer is highly recommended when choosing the model that most attracts your attention, since it will be very important in the life of every trombonist.

On the other hand, it is vital to know the type of mouthpiece that this instrument incorporates, since it can vary in terms of precision, uniformity of attack, ease of control and, logically, comfort that it provides when performing a performance. This accessory is responsible for providing the sound that is expected and practically has the function of guaranteeing a clean sound that surprises the audience, so the choice is very important. However, if the one that comes with this instrument should become damaged, you can easily buy another mouthpiece at any specialized store.


Design and manufacturing materials

The design is another aspect that you cannot miss, as it will define the comfort and ergonomics of the instrument. In this sense, some models have a series of characteristics that help you feel more comfortable when using the instrument, so it is suggested to choose a light product that you can use for a long period of time. This piston trombone has a traditional design with dimensions of 90 x 30 x 28.6 centimeters and has an approximate weight of 6.35 centimeters.

Clearly, before making the purchase, it is necessary to look at the materials with which each piece has been manufactured, since, although it can significantly affect the price of the instrument, it is recommended to choose a product of good quality and resistance. This model incorporates an 8-inch diameter bell made of brass, as well as the tunnel, which is decorated, providing a more striking and elegant appearance to this trombone. The valves that this instrument incorporates are made of nickel silver, so they will give you a long useful life. In addition, to facilitate its transport, this model includes a rigid black case with silver safety clips that will keep the trombone protected when stored.



Opinions about Roy Benson RB701123

Main Advantage:

If you are interested in acquiring a quality instrument in terms of sound range and durable materials, this is your best alternative, as it has an 8-inch brass bell and lacquered finish. In addition, it has a case to transport the instrument comfortably and without suffering any damage.


Main disadvantage:

This peg trombone has one of the highest prices on the market, so if you are a little short of money, you should choose another model. However, this is an ideal product for professional trombonists.


Verdict: 9.8 / 10

This is one of the best alternatives you can find on the market, which is why it is widely used by professional trombonists. In addition, by having a rod system and three stainless steel pistons, you will get a wide range of notes.

Buy on Amazon – Price (€ 553)



Main Features Explained


Trombone and mouthpiece type

Although the first thing we think about when choosing one of the many trombones that the market offers is its price, there are more important aspects that you should take into account when making your choice. Keep in mind that in the world of trombones there are basically four types, which are classified according to the sound that the instrument emits; tenor, alto, bass, double bass and soprano, so you should mainly define this characteristic before making your choice. Each model is differentiated by the number of valves, the diameter of the pipe, the length of the rod, among others, which, even though it may seem like a simple aesthetic aspect, directly affects the intonation of the instrument.

This product stands out for being a trombone that has three pistons and an extendable rod, so you will get a greater number of notes and different intonations, being a brass-wind musical instrument indicated for professionals looking for a versatile trombone with which they can get interpret a wide variety of songs, being an ideal model to interpret various musical genres such as blues, jazz, light music, classical music. It provides a very bright sound, making it ideal if you are playing in an orchestra.

Note range and bell

The range of notes that the instrument achieves will determine the use that you can give the instrument, as well as the musical genres that you can interpret with it. In the previous section, it was hinted that, depending on the type of trombone you use, you will be able to play a certain range of notes, so the opinions of most trombonists define the tenor-type model as the model with the widest range of notes. It has, in addition to being one of the most common among professional musicians looking for sound versatility, since it has more variables and is usually the one to start with this instrument. 

As you would expect, this three-piston tenor trombone comes factory tuned in B flat, so it offers a great variety and range of notes thanks to its piston and rod system, which can be moved in up to seven different positions. , depending on the length of the tube. Although this instrument does not allow rapid expansion and retraction movements, it is an ideal model for performing glissandos, which refers to a rapid scale between two notes. In addition, it has an 8-inch brass bell, so the sound it emits is distinctive and a bit exaggerated in terms of intonation.


Materials and ergonomics

Finally, it is extremely important that you look at the quality and type of materials that have been used in the making of this instrument, since, to choose the best trombone, you must take care of this aspect. This characteristic defines several things in the instrument such as weight, durability and price on the market, since you can find models made of plastic, metal or even nickel. While some are cheaper and less professional, others are more expensive but ideal for trombonists who are used to performing at concerts. This tenor trombone model sports an overall lacquered finish and features a brass bell, as well as three stainless steel pistons.

In addition to the materials with which the instrument is made, you should be very attentive to the comfort of use or ergonomics, so that you have the security of being able to interpret your favorite songs in a comfortable way. This product incorporates a 12.7-millimeter rod, in addition to its dimensions being 37 x 33 x 99 centimeters. On the other hand, it weighs 5.3 kilograms, making it an ideal professional trombone for trombonists who are used to long performances and concerts, allowing them to let their musical creativity flow. This instrument has been developed jointly by professional musicians and experienced musical instrument makers.



Opinions about Cherrystone Dorado

Main Advantage:

Ideal for children who are learning to use this instrument, this Cherrystone brand tenor trombone is made with a silver nickel mouthpiece, in addition to having a light backpack in which your child can carry the instrument comfortably.


Main disadvantage:

This is a learning instrument, since, if you are an experienced trombonist and looking for a model with pegs, you should opt for another alternative. However, it is a very resistant instrument thanks to the lacquered brass body up to 84 centimeters long.


Verdict: 9.7 / 10

If what you are looking for is a trombone with which your child can get into music, using an instrument with beautiful finishes and that is tenor, this is one of the best alternatives you will find.

See deals of the day on Amazon



Main Features Explained


Trombone type

Before starting to compare between the trombones, it is necessary that you take into account the opinions of the experts, so that your purchase is the most effective, so it is recommended to know a little more about the difference between the types of trombones that exist in the market. Mainly, there are four types of this instrument that differ according to the registry; the soprano, alto, tenor and bass. Tenor trombones are the most common, since they are the most versatile, as well as being recommended if you are starting to play this instrument.

This musical instrument stands out for being a tenor trombone for children, ideal for interpreting a wide variety of musical genres such as jazz, blues and classical music, among many others, so its presence is frequent in orchestras. Its extendable and reducible U-shaped rod allows different lengths to be achieved, achieving up to seven different positions, being a perfect musical instrument to perform glissandos or fast scales between two notes, as it is not a very fast instrument. Keep in mind that, before thinking about the price of the instrument, it is suggested to look at the type, tuning and range of notes that the instrument achieves.

Note range and pitch

In view of the many models that the market offers, to choose a new trombone , it is important to know the range of notes that this instrument generates, especially since the market offers various types and models with a large repertoire of tunings to choose from. that, it can be said that there is a trombone for each musical genre. This children’s version of the tenor trombone has a water valve that expands the range of notes that can be achieved with this instrument, making it an ideal option for any user who is trying to learn to use it.

However, in addition to the wide range of notes that your child will be able to get out of this instrument, it is important that you take into account the tuning that the product has, before making the purchase. To choose the best trombone, it is best to know what use you will give it, since you can get models with different tunings. However, it should be noted that this tenor trombone for children incorporates a valve that allows you to easily change the key from B flat, which is the default tuning, to G, F or D, if necessary.


Design and materials

Although sometimes it is mistakenly thought that design is not a factor that deserves to be taken into account, there is nothing further from reality, since this aspect will determine the comfort and the total time in which you can play and hold this instrument, which should be the length of the entire song or concert. Luckily, this trombone model for children does not weigh more than 2.36 kilograms, so it is very possible that your child will be able to hold it for as long as necessary. In addition, it has dimensions of up to 84 centimeters in total length and 54 without the rod. It is also necessary to consider that the mouthpiece that it incorporates has a diameter of up to 12.3 centimeters, achieving a clear and bright sound.

Last but not least, it is recommended to look at the materials with which the instrument is made, which will help you get an idea of ​​the durability and resistance that the product will have in the hands of a child. This tenor trombone has a mouthpiece made of highly durable steel and a silver nickel plated finish. The body of the instrument is made of gold-colored lacquered and polished brass, which gives it an elegant and very attractive appearance. It is worth mentioning that, with the purchase of this product, you will receive a sturdy carrying case, which will help you keep the instrument in better condition, as well as easily transport it anywhere.



Best Transverse Flutes of 2021

Transverse flute – Buying Guide, Opinions and Analysis


If you really want to get a quality experience when playing the transverse flute, you need to pay close attention to acquire the correct model. The market has several alternatives that vary in size, manufacturer and materials; however, deciding on one or the other is entirely up to the musician. For students there are outstanding models such as the Yamaha YFL-222 , a lightweight flute made with resistant materials to withstand constant use, or instruments such as the Roy Benson rbfl102 , a flute adapted to children with simple mechanisms and a small size. However, while there are very good student options, professionals can also find a quality flute if they search for one. 


Shopping guide


Buying the right flute depends on making sure you take note of the things necessary to choose a model that can work properly and suits your level of musical knowledge. For that reason, this decision should not be taken lightly and it is necessary to consider different characteristics before choosing the correct alternative.



In the guide to buying the best transverse flute, it is necessary to take into account different qualities and important aspects, however, probably the most relevant thing to keep in mind is whether the chosen instrument is suitable for your level of instruction.

Achieving mastery in the interpretation of the flute is difficult, therefore, there are student flutes and others of intermediate or professional quality. Although they all look the same from a distance, when paying attention it is possible to notice certain small differences in their structure that affect use.

For example, professional flutes have more keys than student flutes, since the latter are made to suit younger flute players and allow them to become familiar with the most used notes before learning the more complicated ones. In addition to that, the instruments usually have small modifications to the top to facilitate blowing.

In this sense, learning flutes also have differences in alignment. The female students, following the French model, provide completely linear keys, which forces learners to stretch their fingers more and obtain greater motor skills. However, the professionals, following the German model, offer misaligned keys that better adapt to the natural shape of the hand.

Finally, depending on the manufacturer, you can obtain a structure with a Do leg or a Si leg. The difference between the two structures is that the second one offers the possibility of playing an extra note, the low B, but since it is not a note that is used frequently, it is not considered very important.



When you decide to look at all the options and make a comparison of transverse flutes, you should give priority to verifying the operation that these instruments offer. Depending on the manufacturer, after the flute and the level of instruction required, the way in which the instruments are operated and used varies.

The easiest thing to notice is that there are two types of keys, those that are closed and those that are not. This, initially, does not affect the sound, but as people perfect their art it is necessary to use open-key flutes, since plugging the holes at your convenience provides a greater musical range. Therefore, if you want an effective preparation to take the step and use the flute in a professional way, then it is advisable to purchase a product with open keys. This also improves the effectiveness of the fingers when playing.

The most modern models come with the holes but also have plugs to cover them, if desired. This allows for double use.

On the other hand, it is preferable to acquire flutes with quick and responsive keys. Otherwise, more pressure may be needed to obtain results. And, finally, the use can also be made easier when cleaning and storing the flute if it is removable. Therefore, it may be a good idea to purchase a model that allows this.



Flutes tend to be expensive instruments, due to the difficulty involved in making them and the attention to detail provided by the best brands, so that you can enjoy a good sound; Therefore, it is advisable not only to look at how much the instrument costs but to get more for the same amount of money.

While some flutes come alone in one purchase, other offerings come with a variety of accessories that can maximize the benefit and experience gained from the instrument. For example, the most common accessory is the cover. This, in addition to protecting the flute from falls and shocks, also offers an easy and safe way to move the instrument everywhere.

Other accessories that are worth considering when trying to find a good and inexpensive option are the cleaning rods and cloth. The first item is used to remove accumulated saliva on the inside of the instrument, while the second accessory can be used for this and to polish the outside.

Although these three items are the most common, some models also include other accessories. For example, some student flutes wear gloves to play the instruments more professionally in some musical performances.




Frequently asked questions


Q1: How to use transverse flute?

To start using a transverse flute it is necessary to learn the position of the fingers to produce each of the musical notes. That way, you’ll have more speed actually doing it.

Place the flute on its side and bring your mouth towards the hole, without completely sticking the lips together. Using your diaphragm, take in air and let it out of your mouth, marking the notes with your fingers.

The force of the air influences the nuances of the sound, which is why professional flute players can control their diaphragms very precisely. The tongue is also involved at times, articulating sounds correctly. In this way the transverse flute is used.


Q2: Who invented the transverse flute?

The transverse flute is also known as the Böhm flute, as it was the German flute player Theobald Böhm who, studying new techniques, managed to perfect the instrument in 1832. Due to this, he is considered the inventor of this specific type of flute.


Q3: How is the sound produced on the transverse flute?

The beautiful sound that distinguishes the transverse flute today was the result of years of research by the German Böhm, therefore the internal mechanism is complex, but gives unique results.

The way the flute works is by making the air circulate within its cylindrical structure after blowing. These vibrations together with the controlled air vents when covering some valves produce the sound that characterizes the instrument.


Q4: What key is the transverse flute in?

The transverse flute is tuned to C 4 and this makes it one of the highest flutes in the family of these instruments.


Q5: What is the highest transverse flute in the family?

In the family of transverse flutes, the instrument with the highest register is the piccolo. This item, also known as a piccolo flute, is made with a C 5 tuning, unlike the concert transverse flute that is made with a C 4 tuning.

However, although the piccolo is the sharpest instrument in the family, it is not used frequently. Therefore, the concert flute is usually considered to be responsible for the high tones.


Q6: How to make a homemade transverse flute?

Transverse flutes are instruments that require delicate manufacturing processes to achieve the sound that characterizes them, therefore, if you want a flute to practice and improve, then it is necessary to acquire an instrument from a recognized brand.

Homemade flutes are only recommended for fun and practice manual skills.

One way to make a transverse flute is by finding a PVC pipe, a cork, and having the following tools at hand: a saw, a meter, and a knife.

Take the meter and measure 33 cm from the end of the tube to make a mark. Proceed to cut with the saw, while you use the knife to clean the hole. On top of that, cut the cork to 17mm.

From the first hole in the tube, measure 2.9 centimeters and mark. Exactly at that point he opens a hole with the knife. Insert the cork and blow through the hole using a tuner, this device should mark C. That way you will know that the cork is in the right place, as it gives the proper tuning.

When tuning properly, draw an end-to-end line down the center. From the farthest side to the hole mark at the point 5.5 cm, 8.4 cm, 10 cm, 12.8 cm, 14.9 cm and 17.1 cm. In those places you will open a hole and, when finished, you will be able to use the flute.


Q7: How to clean a transverse flute?

One of the most important keys to keeping a transverse flute in good condition is its cleanliness, since, due to the constant contact with the mouth and the passage of saliva, this instrument could deteriorate if it is given poor care.

It is necessary to remember that the proper cleaning of a flute should always be done in parts, as it is the only way in which you can take care of each area and leave it impeccable. Because of this, before you start cleaning, detach the flute to handle each part individually.

The vast majority of flutes come with cleaning rods of the right size to reach the most difficult parts and thus keep the instrument in good condition. 

Remember that to avoid damaging the flute, it is a good idea not to press the keys while you are cleaning. Always be careful with this.



Best Ocarinas of 2021

Ocarina – Buying Guide, Opinions and Analysis


The ocarina is a wind instrument that can be made of ceramic, wood or plastic, whose sound can be similar to that of a flute. However, it has a less elaborate design, as well as a variety of soft and low nuances, depending on the number of holes present in the instrument. For example, the Ammoon 3YA002 is an ocarina with a blue ceramic body that incorporates 12 high tones and can be interpreted or used as a decorative element due to its similarity to that of the Zelda saga. Similarly, Stl Ocarina Zelda is a 12-hole synthetic instrument that will allow you to develop a series of high pitches in C major.


Shopping guide


If you have decided to venture into the world of music with a wind instrument like the ocarina, you will have to start by reviewing the different options that the market has for you. Remember that there are a number of differences between the main models with respect to the type of manufacturing material, number of notes, among many other aspects. Therefore, the most convenient thing is to make a guide to buy the best ocarina. Thus, you will know what are the quality indicators to evaluate to acquire an instrument that really suits your interpretive needs.



Ocarinas are characterized by having a series of holes of different sizes distributed on their faces, over which you must place your fingers and, when blowing through the mouthpiece, you must cover or discover them. In this way, you will generate the sounds. In this sense, keep in mind that all these holes represent the musical notes, so the sound variations to be made will depend on them. For this reason, the issue of the number of holes present in the instrument should be incorporated in your ocarina comparison.

For example, when reviewing the most popular models on the market, we will find designs with six and up to twelve holes, aimed at beginners and professionals respectively. This is because, the more holes they have, the greater must be the mastery of the musician to develop the tunes. Therefore, an ocarina with 8 or 12 holes requires more effort and control when blowing through the mouthpiece. However, the range of high and low tones will be much more varied.


Transport and storage

The ocarina is generally an instrument with a compact format, which is easy to transport or store. However, its structure tends to deteriorate easily, since we place the instrument inside the backpack, in the car, closet or drawer, being exposed to friction with other objects. In this way, as the days go by, the ocarina will begin to lose its attractiveness and could even break or dent, depending on the material with which it was made.

You may initially be concerned about how much a device that attaches these types of elements costs, but you must take into consideration that using a bag or case for our instrument, more than a luxury, is a necessity. Also, if you buy the item separately, the cost may be higher.

In any case, you should try, as far as possible, that the selected model incorporates a rigid case with a secure closure or a textile bag provided with a drawstring, clasp or velcro. Thus, you will keep the instrument protected when you are not using it.



Getting a good and cheap ocarina is possibly the goal of many musicians who are passionate about this instrument, but for this to be possible it is necessary to know in detail the type of material used for its manufacture. Remember that the high or low level of quality of the raw material will depend on the durability of the ocarina, as well as the harmony of its sounds. In this sense, we can find in the market a great variety of ocarinas, built with synthetic materials, ceramic or wood.

In any case, the really important thing is that, if the ocarina is made of plastic, we confirm that the polymer is free of toxic agents that can cause an allergic reaction on contact. In the same way, it should be rigid and with a pleasant soft touch. For its part, ceramic equipment will have to have been exposed to a firing process to harden and resist any unexpected impact, while wooden instruments must be sanded and varnished to offer a better finish.


Instructions and sheet music

When acquiring an ocarina and having it for the first time in our hands, the most logical feeling is to want to start playing it. However, if you are a beginner, you will need a user guide that allows you to become familiar with the instrument, know its parts, the correct way to pick it up, among many other aspects. In the same way, it is important to have some scores so that each of the practices are easier. Therefore, you will have to ensure that the selected model incorporates this pair of elements, which, in short, will improve your experience of using the ocarina.

Regarding this subject, you will be interested to know that, in general, this type of instrument is packaged together with an instruction manual with detailed information. In addition, a few other models offer you scores with some themes or basic combinations of soft and high notes.




Frequently asked questions


Q1: How to use an ocarina?

To use an ocarina, the first thing you should do is read the instruction manual to familiarize yourself with the instrument. Then you can start the first practice. To do this, you must take the ocarina with both hands and direct the holes upwards. Next, place the mouthpiece arranged on the structure in the middle of your lips, while the fingers must be placed in each of the holes, as indicated in your manual.


Q2: How to make an ocarina?

To make an ocarina you will need some tools such as a sander, drill, and gouges, as well as a piece of solid wood, glue, and almond oil. In addition, you will have to make a sketch of your project on paper with the exact dimensions of each of the pieces.

Then, take the piece of wood, trace the mold, start making the cuts, and then smooth the edges. In this way, you can begin to sculpt the pair of plates required for the instrument with the gouges. Also, it is important that you cut the half lining and the nozzle, which you must then align with respect to the plates.

Another step to follow is to drill the airways, for which you will need a fine drill bit. Thus, you can begin to join all the pieces with glue. It is necessary to let them rest, as you consider appropriate. In this way, all that remains is to sand the imperfections of the structure and apply almond oil to the inside and outside of the ocarina for finishing.


Q3: How to blow the ocarina?

To blow the ocarina it is necessary to take the instrument with both hands and place its mouthpiece in the middle of our lips. In this way, we can proceed to generate puffs with different levels of intensity, according to the note we want to achieve.

In fact, the position of the tongue will influence the force of the air outlet that we are exerting on the mouthpiece. For example, if we want low notes, we will need a weak breath that we can project by placing the tongue up. On the other hand, to obtain a high note the tongue must be placed downwards, which will allow the air to come out with more force.


Q4: How to clean an ocarina?

Ocarinas usually accumulate saliva inside, which causes a bad smell and bacteria, which is why it is so important to clean said instrument at the end of each practice. This is a simple task that will not take much time, since you only have to pick up the instrument and shake it vigorously, so that the saliva comes out through the holes.

Next, you will need to prepare a soapy solution with non-abrasive products. In this way, you can moisten a soft cloth with this mixture and rub it carefully all over the outside of the ocarina. Likewise, you will have to clean the nozzle directly under the water tap, but you will have to blow through it at least a couple of times for a better cleaning.

Finally, all that remains is to polish the casing of the ocarina with a dry cloth and apply a specialized product, depending on the type of material with which the instrument was made.


Q5: How to play the 8-hole ocarina?

To play your 8-hole ocarina it is necessary to keep in mind that the tones must be marked from right to left, starting with “re” and ending with “do”. Likewise, it is necessary that you have your sheet music and the instrument’s instruction manual at hand to clarify any doubts.


Q6: Which ocarina is better, 6-hole or 8-hole?

Ocarina designs usually have a variation in the number of holes, so we will find instruments with 6 or 8 holes that each represent a musical note.

For example, when playing a 6-hole ocarina we will have two less notes, which is convenient for any beginner. On the other hand, the equipment provided with 8 perforations can offer more complex melodies. In any case, we could not say that one model is better than the other, because both are aimed at different targets.


Q7: Where does the ocarina come from?

Archaeological studies have revealed that the origin of the ocarina dates back to the pre-Hispanic period in ancient Mesoamerica, since various specimens of this instrument used by the Mayan culture have been found.


Q8: Which is better, wooden or plastic ocarina?

Although wooden ocarinas offer better acoustics than plastic ones, it is also true that their purchase price is usually a bit higher. However, both instruments allow you to play harmonic notes.



Best Horns of 2021

Horn – Buying Guide, Opinions and Analysis


The warmth of the horn sound is perhaps one of the reasons why this peculiar instrument has remained within the musical taste. 200 years after its creation, it continues to star in pieces of great beauty in orchestras and giving its sound as a national emblem to countries like Switzerland. If you want to buy one and have little time to review options, the Lechgold 00054260 is a traditional model of the Alpine horn, tuned in B flat. On the other hand, the Lvssy 256-621-655 option may be the one indicated in case you need a valve one.


Shopping guide


The French horn or French horn is an instrument of delicate manufacture, which implies applying very specific techniques in order to include all the acoustic qualities that characterize it. For this reason, when choosing a model among the many that there are, you must take into account some aspects. Our guide to buying the best French horn can provide you with more information on this, so that you can take home the correct option.



Before opting to acquire a French horn, the first thing you should do is determine which one is the one that has caught your attention. Although the French horn is an instrument that belongs to the group of brasswinds, there is a very different Swedish variation, which is also called the French horn and is made of wood. Of both options you will find different options on the market.


Materials and structure

One aspect that is directly related to the cost of a tube is the materials from which it is made. Among them we can find brass, but there are also variations of alloys with copper; both can offer durability and resistance to moisture, a factor that is always present when playing the horn.

In addition, the superior bathroom will also affect your final price. This can be nickel, silver or lacquer. It is easy to imagine that a horn that includes a silver bath in its finishes will be significantly more expensive than one that has only been lacquered. But also, it must be taken into account that its maintenance will be more complex, since this metal tends to change its color because it is quite reactive. For example, the pH of our hands could easily generate dark tones in it if it is not cleaned frequently.

Another aspect that you should not overlook, when making your horn comparison, is the gauge of the instrument. This feature is important because, depending on this characteristic, the tube will be more resistant to use. In addition, the tubes will be less likely to be disturbed in the event of an accidental blow; which would significantly alter the sound. However, as you imagine, this quality will affect how much the instrument costs, because its manufacture will require the use of more metal.

In this sense, you will find that the calibers of the most resistant instruments are in a range of 11 – 12 mm, while the lightest can approach 10 mm.


Sound and tuning

Unquestionably, in every instrument the sound must be evaluated, the horn is quite versatile at this point, since it is capable of emitting sounds both soft and those that can be described as harsh. However, its nuance will be determined by the manufacturing technique. Our recommendation is that you lean towards acquiring an option that has been prepared by a brand with experience in brass instruments; it will be safer that over the years their proposals have improved in terms of the emission of their sound and they could offer one that is good and economical.

Continuing with this point, we want to add that the projection and volume of the sound are closely related to the size of the bell; It will be the one that will be in charge of giving the instrument a particular nuance. In relation to this quality, the diameters can range from 13 cm to 31 cm, but you must bear in mind that this will also affect the portability of the instrument, and probably its weight. At this point you will have to choose between practicality and sound.

Another feature that should be taken into account is the tuning of the instrument. French horns are generally designed to be tuned in F or B flat. Depending on this, you will have the possibility to execute certain tones within the chromatic scale, which affects the repertoire of musical pieces that you could interpret, or implies that you would have to adapt them to the instrument. 



To play the horn it is necessary to press some valves distributed in your body, for that reason they must be placed in such a way that they can adapt comfortably to the shape of the hand. Review the experience of users in relation to this aspect. It also analyzes if the mouthpiece is included in the purchase set, so that you do not have to look for one to start using the instrument for your practices.



It is normal for saliva to accumulate in the tubes of the tubes, which over time and poor cleaning can lead to sound faults, dull nuances, or incorrect tuning. Check what parts can be disassembled to facilitate this task.




Frequently asked questions


Q1: How to use a French horn?

In addition to correct posture, the vibration of the lips is one of the most important points to be able to touch the trunk; That is why the apprentices dedicate several sessions to develop the correct technique, to later move on to other important points of the execution. In addition, it is necessary to acquire the ability to master the embouchure, so that the sounds emitted correspond to those of the scale to be executed; it is very easy that despite pressing the correct valves it ends up projecting a tone that was not expected. At this point there is nothing left but to practice constantly.

Finally, for the mechanisms of the tube to function properly, it is necessary to apply oil to the pumps with a certain periodicity, in order to properly open and close the air passage. Similarly, depending on the use of the instrument, it is necessary to wash it with a solution of water and neutral soap, to remove excess oil and saliva that may be in the ducts.


Q2: How to clean a tube?

Although frequent cleaning is done with a cloth on the entire exterior, from time to time it is necessary to clean the cylinders, for which it will be necessary to disassemble them. This is best done on a soft cloth on a stable surface and done cylinder by cylinder.

You start by removing the upper cylinder boot. Then it turns over and proceeds to remove the screws that fix it. If the process has been correct, it can be removed without problem, to be able to pass a kitchen towel or napkin inside and dry the section well. Now, it is necessary to mount again to proceed to repeat the procedure with the next cylinder.

If necessary, the entire tube could also be completely disassembled, but it is not recommended to carry out this process frequently, since the screws can be damaged and it is a process with a high level of difficulty, recommended for experts in the maintenance of this instrument.


Q3: How to tune a French horn?

The tuning of the French horn or French horn is achieved through the pumps that are in its structure, which can be extracted or inserted so that the sound adapts to the musical scale. This can be done by the instrumentalist with the help of a tuner; But in case, despite adjusting them, the instrument cannot be tuned, then it will be necessary to go to an expert. He will be in charge of trimming the bombs to solve the problem.


Q4: What family does the French horn belong to?

It is an instrument that belongs to the brass family. However, it is one of the most versatile due to its wide repertoire of both soft and hard tones.


Q5: How to restore an old French horn?

Restoration will depend on the condition of the instrument. It must be verified that there are no significant dents in its structure. However, it is a delicate process that should be carried out by an expert, since he is the one who has the tools to be able to analyze the damage and change the parts or repair them, if it is the case.



The blues: a musical genre that never dies

Carabanchel is full of melancholic rhythms typical of blues, since here is the Madrid Blues School. This institution was initially only a project that brought together a group of talented experienced musicians, but today it has established itself as a learning space and cradle of great emerging talents.


The essence of blues is present in many musical genres, so although you are not a great connoisseur of the subject, you have indirectly enjoyed the legacy of this legendary genre applied to rock, soul, jazz, pop, country music, among others . In this sense, it is not only about the metric present in each lyric, but also the harmony created by means of musical instruments such as the guitar, drums, the keyboard and, of course, an iconic wind – metal instrument that cannot be missing. in blues performances: the harmonica.

Perhaps it is a genre little known to some, but one that definitely manages to evolve from time to time and the Madrid School of Blues has been in charge of spreading the teaching of the genre.


How did the Madrid Blues School come about?

Argentine José Luis Pardo, along with other experienced musicians, decided to share his passion for melancholic notes and rhythms that only blues can provide. For this reason, in 2011 they gave life to an ambitious musical project, whose objective was to transmit their knowledge about this legendary and influential genre, to create new generations of bluesmen. It was also a good way to spread these rhythms among the new generations.

Initially, they gave their classes at the Musical Observatory in Madrid, while Pardo’s home served as a meeting point for the reception of students. However, three years later, in 2014, they decided to move to a much larger plaza with an infrastructure of 220 square meters. Thus, they would have rehearsal rooms, classrooms to teach classes, studios to make recordings and even a small auditorium for students to do their live shows with total freedom. 


Courses taught at the Madrid Blues School

Pardo, along with the 12 teachers who make life at the school, teaches a series of regular, intensive courses and more recently they have started teaching online classes.




Regular classes

By opting for the regular classes, the student will be able to select between the comprehensive courses The Muddy Thing, Blues Master, Lighting Thing, Little Water, The Juke joint, Ma Rainey thing, as well as individual or group classes for the execution of an instrument . In addition, the blues history, music production, harmony, and musical language assignments are incorporated.

Among the variety of courses scheduled for regular classes, a space is also dedicated to the youngest of the house, with percussion workshops, gospel, Big Band for amateurs and recording sessions. 


Intensive classes

The intensive classes are scheduled annually two to three times. The intensive lasts three days, during which the student will learn theoretical and practical aspects, will participate in the well-known jam sessions and, on the closing day, will be part of a small intimate concert to be held in the school auditorium .


Online classes

These online classes are aimed at people who do not have enough time to attend a physical classroom, being more practical to carry out the learning process from the comfort of their home. The courses are taught through the Moodle and Skype platforms, receiving their respective certification after the completion of the academic hours and the approval of the exams.


About its founder

José Luis Pardo is a self-taught musician born in the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina, who at an early age discovered his vocation in the world of music. However, it is until the age of eleven that Pardo officially begins musical studies.

During his adolescence, he began to perform in renowned bars in the city, without imagining that years later he would climb onto international stages with blues greats such as Billy Branch, John Primer, Ray Killer Allison, among others.

In addition, he developed a project entitled ´José Luis Pardo & The Mojo Workers´, making up a total of four CDs and a DVD with the presentations of his tours. Some time later, in 2008, Pardo settled in Spain and gave life to a second blues project. This is a quintet called “The Roomful of Swing”, with which he was accompanying some American artists on their tours of South America and Europe.

After this period, the idea arose to create the now known Madrid Blues School in Carabanchel, where he fulfilled the role of founder, director and teacher.




The blues does not die in the streets of Madrid

Blues is undoubtedly a genre with a great influence on rock and roll, heavy metal, jazz, soul, folklore, among many others. His improvised lyrics and rhythmic turns give way to tunes that manage to shake the soul of his followers, transmitting the characteristic melancholy and nuances that are generally provided by the best blues harmonica .

Throughout its history, the blues has had ascents and descents, always managing to reinvent itself and stay current in the musical arena. As is known, his great rival is jazz, since with him he shares many rhythmic similarities, both genres coming to complement each other. In this sense, it is not surprising to find bars or night establishments with an open platform for both exhibitors. For example, in the city of Madrid, although it is a fact that the blues does not enjoy massive support, it is also true that this genre has not died. There are several spaces where you can go to relax every night, moving your feet to the beat of these improvised and legendary rhythms with African roots.

In this way, you can attend the Sala Clamores, El 14, Berlin Café, La Coquette and El Junco, which are places that constantly offer blues presentations. In fact, the four jam sessions held by the Madrid Blues School are held in these rooms.




best xylophone

Xylophone – Opinions, Analysis and Buying Guide in 2021


Do you want to start creating beautiful melodies using a xylophone? Well, there are many things to take into account, but, the most important thing is to start by acquiring a good model for you. The WHD JBXP-537 model , for example, is ideal for those who want to dabble in orchestras or practice the most complex pieces of music in complete comfort. However, if you want your child to become a great concert performer, then the Top Bright Rainbow will make your little one approach and grow in the world of music, developing his xylophonist skills, while learning many other things, such as colors. and various children’s songs.



Shopping guide


Types of xylophones

Before making a hasty decision you should bear in mind that not all xylophones are the same or produce the same sound, so it is necessary to make a guide to buy the best xylophone for you considering what you are looking for and also what you need.

First, xylophones are characterized by using one of either of these two musical scales: the chromatic and the diatonic.

The last of these is the most used in xylophones for children and beginners, although it can perfectly also be used in instruments for professionals, since the range of musical notes offered by the diatonic scale is the standard one, known for its tones in: Do-Re -My-Fa-Sun-La-Si. It is the simplest scale to learn, so playing such a xylophone is usually easier.

The most complicated scale, but with a greater sound range and with more possibilities of notes for advanced musicians, is called chromatic. It is also known as the twelve-tone scale, and this is because it comes with a succession of 13 musical notes, or semitones, taking into account the octaves. That is to say, C and C # -Re and Re # -Mi and Mi #… until reaching B, which is the only note that does not have a sustained semitone.

If you do not take this into account when comparing xylophones, you may decide on the good and inexpensive option without considering the fact that you may not have the necessary notes to produce a complex piece of music.

Another aspect to highlight is the dilemma that exists between metallophones and xylophones. Technically, metallophones classify as a different instrument to the xylophone, because they are made of different materials, the first has metal sheets while the second has wood sheets. However, despite the difference, their sounds are so similar and their shape is so similar that many people insist on considering the metallophone as a simple metal xylophone. Because of this, you may find several metallophones with the xylophone name on the market.

These usually come in a diatonic scale, however they come in three sizes: soprano, high and low. Depending on the size of your instrument , musical notes may sound higher or lower. Having a metallophone is not bad, but if you are looking for a xylophone, only buy those that are made of wood.


Materials and accessories

Before you find out how much the xylophone costs and buy the cheapest one, remember that bad materials are usually the cause of low prices when it comes to instruments. Xylophones are not exempt from these, because, in the market, you may find metal, wooden or even plastic structures. This not only affects resistance, but also sound quality.

Xylophones have been made of wood for years, therefore, the best option will be to acquire an instrument that is made of wood both in the sheets and in the base structure. If the base is metallic, it is also a resistant product, but if the sheets are also metallic, then you have bought a metallophone. Plastic bases, on the other hand, are used more for children’s xylophones and are not at all recommended for professional use. The drumsticks should always be made of wood, otherwise the sound may change with the impact of another material.

To make your experience better, try to buy xylophones that bring accessories with them, as these will surely facilitate your time with the instrument. Two of the best extras you can get are: a quality case for your xylophone and also an adjustable stand for it.

The case will make it easier to move and store it, preventing bumps and falls that can damage it, and providing comfort. The base will let you play the xylophone while you are standing up, without having to hold it, freeing your hands for more control of the instrument.


Education level and weight

Although almost all xylophones, in addition to children’s models, look exactly the same, not all of them serve the same purpose or are suitable for use by certain types of people. There are xylophones for apprentices and also professionals, so you must be careful when making your purchase.

Young children who are inexperienced in music should always opt for child role models that allow them to become familiar with the sound, the notes and the way of playing it. Even for the youngest, in this case, babies, there are toys for them.

Aim for the lightest xylophones. This will depend on whether you make an effort to wear it, or not.




Frequently asked questions


Q1: What kind of instrument is the xylophone?

Xylophones, being instruments that need to be struck lightly on each sheet in order to produce the vibration that the sound generates, are considered percussion instruments. They are found in the same family of instruments as kick drums, timpani and even drums.


Q2: Xylophone or metallophone, which is better?

It all depends on what you want to search for. Metallophones stand out for producing longer and louder sounds, as metal sheets will always have a longer vibration time than wooden ones, however, if you want the classic sound, then a wooden xylophone is better for you.

Children’s “xylophones”, most of the time, are usually metallophones because of their sound and because of their metal bars. Also because, usually, the musical notes are recorded in the material to facilitate learning. Therefore, if it is an instrument intended for a child, then the metallophone may be a more suitable alternative.


Q3: Where did the xylophone come from?

The origins of the xylophone can be traced back hundreds of years, specifically in the southern part of the Asian continent, where people used sheets of wood separated from each other and when struck they produced a nice sound. This is believed to have taken place in approximately the 14th century.

Starting in the 15th century, the xylophone managed to reach African lands, where it easily mixed with the culture of the region and became part of the music of Africa. With the slave trade in the 16th century, Africans brought the knowledge of this instrument to America and Europe and, what began as a simple instrument, began to take on complexity. On the European continent, drumsticks were generated, standard sizes began to be designed and, after the effort, the xylophone as we now know it was completed.


Q4: How to make homemade bottle xylophone?

Making a homemade xylophone is one of the simplest crafts you can do and it will be quite fun for children.

You will only need 7 glass bottles, with a considerable thickness to prevent them from breaking when hit. Fill each one of them with water, however, start by filling one to the top and gradually begin to decrease the amount of water until the last.

If you want, you can add food coloring to the water to distinguish one note from another. Place them, horizontally, on top of two wooden boards that will meet at each end parallel to each other, and adhere them.

Using cutlery, wooden boards, or whatever else you can think of, you can have drumsticks to play with. With small taps you can start producing the sounds


Q5: How many notes does a xylophone have?

A diatonic xylophone has the 7 standard musical notes, from C to B. While chromatic xylophones have 13 musical notes, six of them, from C to A, bring their respective sustained variants, and finally the B, which has no variant in this scale.

Professionals can have up to 48 musical notes, as they cover different tones such as soprano, bass, etc.


Q6: Which is better, xylophone or marimba?

If you are looking for a smooth and sharp sound, then the marimba is better, as it is tuned from 3 to 5 octaves, even more.

If you want a louder and lower sound, then the xylophone is better, as its pitch ranges from 2 to 4 octaves.

Apart from these aspects, it is difficult to choose the best one, since both instruments are very similar to each other and their structures are almost identical.


Q7: What is a monochrome xylophone?

Monochromatic can refer to colors, because, although there are some colorful xylophones, many have a single color throughout their structure, especially those made of wood both in the sheets and in the frame.

Chromatic, on the other hand, refers to the musical notes that the instrument can produce and establishes that the xylophone has 13 notes, the natural ones from C to B, and the sustained variants from C to A. The Si does not have this variant.


Q8: How is a professional xylophone different from a normal one?

The professional xylophone has, most of the time, various chromatic scales to be played by several people or simply to offer a wider musical range for the xylophonist, as the scales vary from each other by octaves.

Usually, those for apprentices are diatonic versions that facilitate the study of the xylophone, so it is difficult to make complex musical pieces that have a lot of variety in treble and bass.




How to use a xylophone


Xylophones are not as well-known instruments as guitars or drums, however, they belong to the same group of instruments as the latter and also offer the same tuning as pianos, so they can help you play beautiful songs. The difference between a piano and a xylophone is that, unlike the former, the xylophone is easy to play and learn, so you won’t need a lot to know how to use a xylophone and start practicing.




Adjust the base

If you are playing professionally, having a stand or stand is essential for using the xylophone. Therefore, to start with, place your xylophone on the base and adjust it to your height.


Get in good position

Something fundamental to be able to play a xylophone is the position you take with respect to it. Distance is essential, because if you lean a bit on the instrument or your clothes make contact with it, the sound could be affected.

You must be at least 20 cm away from the xylophone, try not to stoop too much and maintain a posture as straight as possible, to avoid pain.


Hold the drumsticks

Grab the drumsticks at the bottom end with a firm grip that doesn’t allow them to slip but doesn’t make your hand hurt either. Keep them a few inches from the surface.

It does not matter if they are not completely straight, because the perfect grip is the one that is most natural for you.




Play the xylophone

Use your wrists to lift and lower the drumsticks naturally. You should not move your arm for this, because, in addition to tiring the arm muscles, the blow may not be precise.

When hitting the wooden sheets, make sure that the force is not too great, as you could damage the xylophone. They should be firm but gentle strokes. Always aim towards the middle of the sheet and strike in the center, because if the drumstick accidentally touches another sheet, the sound will change and the song will be distorted.

When you hit the blade you need to lift the stick again, because if you leave it there, the vibration of the blade will rub against the stick producing distorted sounds. Try to keep your movements between one note and another smooth, and when you don’t have to play for a long period, remove the drumsticks and keep them in the starting position.


By the end

When you’re done using your xylophone, bring a clean, dry tissue and dust off your instrument. Doing this regularly will prevent dust build-up, preventing such build-up from damaging the instrument by blocking blade vibrations.

Never use any cleaning liquid and avoid consuming drinks near the xylophone at all costs, humidity is the enemy of wood and could easily damage your xylophone. Besides that, leave your xylophone in dry places, away from mold, or on floors and walls that easily retain moisture.

For added protection, use an instrument case or case.



Best Pan Flutes of 2021

Pan flute – Buying Guide, Opinions and Analysis


Many people agree that the pan flute has one of the sweetest and most relaxing sounds among wind instruments. For this reason, it has more and more interpreters. However, if you are going to buy one, you have to take into account some aspects, such as the material from which it is made and the distribution of the tubes. For example, the GEWA 700285 model offers you an ergonomic curved design and is made of bamboo. Another good option can be the Cusco Qt-20 flute , with its traditional Peruvian design and double row of tubes, as well as a very colorful decoration.


Shopping guide


Because pan flutes are generally handcrafted instruments, each piece is unique. This determines its appearance, but also the quality of its sound. To help you choose among so many options, we show you a guide to buying the best pan flute, which will be useful to clarify the aspects to take into account in your selection.


Materials and finishes

Originalmente las flautas de pan podían estar elaboradas en arcilla, piedra o madera. Sin embargo, actualmente las encontramos elaboradas principalmente de plástico o madera, siendo muy diversos los tipos que se utilizan en este último material. A este respecto cada intérprete tendrá sus propias preferencias al realizar una comparativa de flautas de pan, pero queremos mencionar que este punto determinará cuánto cuesta el instrumento; siendo, generalmente, más caras las flautas de pan elaboradas en madera. La razón es que los procesos que se utilizan para su fabricación se llevan a cabo de manera manual. Ahora bien, si tu presupuesto es un poco limitado, siempre podrás encontrar una opción buena y económica elaborada de plástico.

Además, no queremos olvidarnos de la apariencia exterior, pues para muchos flautistas es muy importante que se trate de un instrumento bello y que transmita parte de la cultura a la que pertenece. En este sentido, podrían buscarse algunas decoraciones latinoamericanas, africanas, europeas, etc.


Tipos de flautas y distribución de tubos

Aunque se les denomina flautas de pan a todos aquellos instrumentos conformados por tubos en los que se sopla, debes saber que hay diversos tipos, que son en su estructura un poco diferentes y, por lo tanto, deberás elegir cuál es el que buscas.

If you are going to start learning the pan flute, you will have to find the distribution of tubes you need. You need to know if you want one in which the cylinders are positioned next to each other in a linear fashion, or if you prefer one with a double row. The technique will be different to be able to play each type. Although, probably, as you gain skill, it will be easy for you to adapt to one style or another.



Although in appearance the flutes can be very similar, a slight variation in the length of the tubes causes the tuning to be different. This is probably not important if you plan on purchasing a flute for pure decorative purposes. However, if your intention is to learn to play this instrument, you have to make sure that the sound is of quality and is correctly tuned in relation to a musical scale.

In this sense, you will find pan flutes tuned in C major, G major, etc. This point should not be ignored, because if you plan to play a melody that includes, for example, a natural F in its score, you will not be able to play that note on a flute tuned to G major. In case you don’t want to be limited in this regard, you can also find some flutes with a full record of notes. You just have to make sure that the flute has a chromatic tuning.

On the other hand, we want to limit that there are versions of this type of very sophisticated flutes, which are considered professional; since they include the option of altering the tuning in each tube in a simple way through a rod. These flutes have a higher cost, but they meet the needs of expert players looking for versatility for this instrument.


Note range

Since each tube included in a pan flute is associated with a note, then a pan flute with more number of tubes will offer a greater range of notes on the musical scale. This must be taken into account so that when interpreting a melody with low and high registers you do not have limitations.

Generally, you can buy flutes that range from 7 to 22 tubes. Of course, the more records, the bigger, heavier and more expensive it could be. In this sense, flutes that have few cylinders may be the most suitable for those who are beginning their musical education. With the passage of time, they could acquire another flute with a greater range of notes and according to their skill level.



Some pan flutes are true works of art, the result of long hours of manual work and their cost is not exactly affordable. The safest thing is that if you want to buy a flute with these characteristics, you want to preserve it from agents that can damage it. In this case, it may be convenient to check if a briefcase or case is included in the purchase package to store the flute and transport it comfortably.




Frequently asked questions


Q1: How to use a pan flute?

The sounds obtained from the pan or pan flute are characterized by their smooth and harmonious timbre, which transmits tranquility to many people. However, you may find it difficult to deliver quality sound.

Among the aspects that you can take into account are the position of the lips and where you send the air. Experienced interpreters recommend finding a mouth position similar to the one you acquire when you pronounce the letter “T”. With this the air gets more impulse, you will achieve notes with greater force and clarity.

In the same way, you must pay attention to the inclination of the flute, this will be much more relevant if it is one of two rows of tubes, since the technique to access the notes involves constantly moving it from top to bottom.

On the other hand, as with any wind instrument, it is important that you learn to control your breathing. This will prevent you from experiencing dizziness and headaches after your first few practice sessions. In the same way, it is convenient to know that flutes with high notes are usually easier, because they do not need you to project so much air to emit sound. On the contrary, those pan flutes with low notes need more air, so that it travels all the cylinder. At first it is normal that you find it difficult to give power to these notes.

Finally, we do not want to forget to mention that the maintenance of the flute is important, especially if it is a wooden one. In these cases, you should keep it away from moisture, avoid exposing it to sudden changes in temperature or clean it with damp cloths. It is better that you use a special oil, being careful not to place it where your lips touch the instrument, unless it is toxic free substances. 


Q2: How to make a pan flute?

There are numerous options for making your own pan flute. You could use practically any cylinder-shaped material that is hollow; for example, straws, PVC pipes, etc. If you have a bamboo at home, with the surplus of its pruning you could make one, you just have to make sure that the wood is completely dry.

Proceed to cut the cylinders, respecting the lengths, so that they are smaller and smaller, with the intention of executing different tones. Don’t forget to close one end so that the air can produce sound. Later, you can help yourself with a digital tuner to verify that each tube gives the tone you want. Finally, it only remains to place each tube next to the other and tie them together.


Q3: Where is the pan flute from?

The clear origin of this instrument has not been determined, since there are similar versions made in Greece 400 years BC. C .; Traces of a similar musical instrument can also be found in the Han dynasty of China 200 BC. However, its greatest diffusion has been in Latin America, where it has been part of popular folklore for hundreds of years, forming an important part of its music.


Q4: Why is it called a pan flute?

This name is due to the fact that in Greek mythology the God Pan is attributed the creation of this instrument for the first time. However, its variations have other names such as zampoña, syringa, siku, etc.


Q5: Which is better, wooden or plastic pan flute?

The choice of material for the pan flute will depend on the player. In this sense, each flute will have a different nuance in its sound depending on the raw material chosen. Your choice could also be subject to the type of maintenance and its lightness. While plastic is easy to clean and is not affected by moisture, wood requires more delicate treatment and special maintenance, to prevent its structure from fracturing.


Q6: How do you tune a pan flute?

In simple flutes, the length of each cylinder that makes up the flute is what generates the tone it will emit. Therefore, to tune the flute, you must adjust that length until you achieve the desired note. However, there are tunable versions that have a small piece of wood that can be adjusted with a rod, so that it must be moved up or down until the cylinder generates the exact note.


Q7: Which is better, pan flute with tubes in line or in parallel?

This depends on the type of flute and the skill of the player, who may be more or less comfortable with one arrangement compared to the other.